Shino tea pottery was invented by a Japanese pottery tea expert named Shino Munenobo during the 16 century Muromachi period. And in the late 16 century, it became one of the Mino pottery styles in the Auzuhi Momoyama period. Throughout the years, Shino became an important intangible cultural assets and is named one of the 2 tea potteries national treasure.
There are a few characteristics of Shino tea ware:
It has a thick glaze finished in white, gray, black or red color.
Its materials are usually of pink or purplish white clay which contains less iron content
Shino wares are made by slow heating at a lower than expected temperature, and finished by cooling over a long time period.
Types of Shino Chawan:
Muji Shino or Plain Shino is a white Chawan with no designs and patterns.
Nezumi Shino or Gray Shino Chawan contains an iron makeup undercoat called Onizaka, engraved with patterns and then heated vigorously over a white glaze. Depending on the condition of the process, the white clay react with the iron undercoat to form a dark gray finish over time. Nezumi is literally meant "Mouse" in Japanese.
Red Shino Chawan is similar to Nezumi Shino Chawan, but pottery artists use a different technique to make a reddish brown glaze.
Neriage Shino Chawan is made with a mix of red and white clay.
Picture Shino or E-Shino Chawan is a type of Shino Chawan drawn by Onizaka and then finished with a white Shino glaze.